Cardiovascular diseases and risk factors among North American Indians

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Northern Health Research Unit, Dept. of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba , Winnipeg
Cardiovascular system -- Diseases -- Canada., Cardiovascular system -- Diseases -- United States., Heart -- Diseases -- Risk factors., Indians of North America -- Dise
StatementT. Kue Young.
SeriesMonograph series -- no. 1, Monograph series (University of Manitoba. Northern Health Research Unit) -- no. 1
ContributionsUniversity of Manitoba. Northern Health Research Unit.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRC669 .Y66 1990
The Physical Object
Pagination133 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17292925M
ISBN 101895034000
OCLC/WorldCa27036702

Abstract The Strong Heart Study, a study of cardiovascular disease among American Indians, was conducted to determine cardiovascular disease rates and the prevalence of risk factors among members of 13 tribal groups in South Dakota/North Dakota (SD/ND), southeastern Oklahoma, and Cited by: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has become the leading cause of death for Native Americans and Alaska Natives.

CVD risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, and sedentary lifestyle) have been studied in a number of Native American tribes, and such studies are increasing as the CVD mortality rate by:   Heart Disease and American Indians/Alaska Natives American Indians/Alaska Native adults are more likely to be obese than white adults, more likely to have high blood pressure, and they are more likely to be current cigarette smokers than white adults - all risk factors.

To examine cardiovascular disease risk factors among adult Native American women Inter-Tribal Heart Project participants. A secondary analysis used controllable risk factors identified by the. The disparity in heart disease and stroke mortality rates in American Indians less than 65 years of age compared with whites in Montana is probably because of the higher and increasing prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors.

13,14 This highlights the importance of clinical and public health programs for the management and prevention of hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, Cited by: Available data indicate that cardiovascular disease has become the leading cause of death in American Indians.

However, limited information is available on cardiovascular disease incidence, prevalence, and risk factors in this population. Reported cardiovascular disease rates vary greatly among groups in different geographic areas.

According to statistical data provided by the American Heart Association, some of the risk factors for CVD are higher in Native Americans than in other races.

For example, intobacco product use among Native Americans was 45% compared with 31% for whites, 27% for African Americans, 14% for Asians, and 23% for Hispanics. Heart disease among American Indians in three regions has declined with each generation over the past 25 years, and fewer men are dying from cardiovascular events in that span, according to new findings in the largest and longest-running study of the community.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death among American Indians. 1. Introduction. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a major public health threat and a growing clinical problem among Asian Cardiovascular diseases and risk factors among North American Indians book incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) has been observed in Asian Indians irrespective of their diet, religious affiliations, and tes from the Global Burden of Disease Study suggest that by the yearIndia will have more.

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease are particular habits, behaviors, circumstances or conditions that increase a person’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease, including lack of exercise, unhealthy eating, smoking, diabetes, age and family history.

Limited available data document higher prevalences of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and health outcomes among American Indians (AIs) compared to other racial/ethnic groups. As part of a randomized control trial to improve tribal food and physical activity environments, our tribal-academic partnership surveyed a cross-sectional sample of American Indian adults (n = ).

The burden of cardiovascular disease is now growing faster than our ability to combat it due to the obesity epidemic, poor diet, high blood pressure and a dramatic rise in Type 2 diabetes – all major risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

In a frightening reversal, the overall decline in CVD mortality rates have flattened to less. Native American Heart Disease Rates of CVD (cardiovascular disease) and its risk factors seem to be increasing in American Indian populations.

People with diabetes are at an increased risk of CVD and Native American groups in Arizona, Oklahoma, and North/South Dakota have been identified to have among the highest prevalences of diabetes.

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The global burden of disease due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is escalating, and the changing trends of CVD risk factors are identified among Indians experiencing rapid health transition.

Contributory causes include: growing population with demographic shifts and altered age profile, socio-economic factors, lifestyle changes due to. Additional risk factors for IHD include depression and other forms of mental stress (anxiety, anger, work, and marital stress).

Coronary heart disease risk related to mental stress is similar for men and women; however, the prevalence of these factors is higher among women. The study has identified several risk factors that may account for the high rates of heart disease in the American Indian population, including having type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, as well as engaging in smoking.

Identifying Strategies to. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Health Outcomes Among American Indians in Oklahoma: the THRIVE Study Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan 1 & Marianna Wetherill1 & Jordan Hearod1 & Tvli Jacob1 & Alicia L. Salvatore1 & Tamela Cannady2 & Mandy Grammar 2 & Joy Standridge3 & Jill Fox3 & Jennifer Spiegel3 & AnDina Wiley3 & Carolyn Noonan4 & Dedra Buchwald 4 Received: 14 September.

Among nondiabetic patients, the risk of fatal coronary heart disease was significantly lower in women compared with men (relative risk, ). In the presence of diabetes, however, the risk of. Heart disease and stroke, the principal causes of cardiovascular disease (CVD), are the first and fifth leading causes of death among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) (1,2).

Risk factors for CVD frequently cluster, which may increase CVD risk multiplicatively (3). How does heart disease affect men. Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men in the United States, killingmen in —that’s about 1 in every 4 male deaths.

1; Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men of most racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including African Americans, American Indians or Alaska Natives, Hispanics, and whites. Background: Little is known about the rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD), atherosclerosis, and their risk factors among Canada's Aboriginal people.

To establish the relative prevalence of risk factors, atherosclerosis, and CVD, we undertook a population-based study among people of Aboriginal and European ancestry in Canada. Background American Indians and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations experience significant health disparities compared to non-Hispanic white populations.

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Cardiovascular disease and related risk factors are increasingly recognized as growing indicators of global health disparities.

However, comparative reports on disparities among this constellation of diseases for AI/AN. The researchers analyzed data from 5, Native Americans living in the Southwest and the northern and southern Great Plains who participated in two long-running studies that looked at heart disease and related risk factors, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

They found that over a year period. American Heart Association. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistical Update Fact Sheet At-a-Glance This document contains a few key statistics about heart disease, stroke, other cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors, in addition to commonly cited statistics about the American Heart Association's research program.

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research (J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.) [] J Res. [ISSN: PrintOnline - ] is a double-blind peer-reviewed, open access international circulating professional journal led by a group of research scientists. This resource pack was curated by the Global Health Education and Learning Incubator (GHELI) to support the Forum on DISCRIMINATION IN AMERICA: Native American Experiences, hosted by the Harvard T.H.

Chan School of Public Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), and NPR on Decem American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations bear a heavy burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and they have the highest rates of risk factors for CVD, such as cigarette smoking.

In the May issue, which focused on Native Americans/Alaska Natives, we were especially interested in the article by the American Indian Service Utilization, Psychiatric Epidemiology, Risk and Protective Factors Project (AI-SUPERPFP) Team, “Social Epidemiology of Trauma Among 2 American Indian Reservation Populations.”1 This study quantified exposure to trauma among American Indians.

Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation ;Jan [Epub ahead of print]. The following are key points to remember about this annual update on the statistics regarding heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular risk factors.

The Strong Heart Study is a study of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors among American Indians.

Field Centers are located in Arizona, North and South Dakotas, and Oklahoma. Heart disease is the leading killer of adults nationwide, and South Asians, the second fastest-growing ethnic group in America, have a higher death rate from the disease.

Physical activity may reduce the risk of death from cardiovascular disease among American Indians, according to new research that also studied inflammation’s role in exercise and heart health.

Past studies of people from all populations show that inflammation plays a central role in heart disease, and that exercise might reduce inflammation.Prevention of cardiovascular disease: guidelines for assessment and management of total cardiovascular risk.

1. Cardiovascular diseases prevention and control.

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2. Arteriosclerosis prevention and control. 3. Risk factors. 4. Risk assessment. 5. Guidelines. I. World Health Organization. ISBN 92 4 8 (NLM classi cation: WG ).